What is a Fitness Assessment?
An exercise program designed for a client is only as good as the assessment. The more information a Trainer has about her client, the more individualized the program, ensuring the safety and effectiveness of the program.
A comprehensive fitness assessment involves a series of measurements that help to determine the current health and fitness level of clients. A health and fitness assessments is not designed to diagnose medical or health conditions but instead is designed to serve as a way of observing and documenting a client’s individual structural and functional status.
Components of a Fitness Assessment
Pre-participation Health Screening
- Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q)
A PAR-Q is designed to determine the safety or possible risk of exercising for a client based on the answers to specific health questions. It is primarily aimed at identifying individuals who require further medical evaluation before being allowed to exercise because they are at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Extended Periods of Sitting or Standing, Repetitive Movements, Dress Shoes, Mental Stress
- General Medical History
Past Injuries, Past Surgeries, Chronic Conditions, Medication
- Personal Information
Readiness for Change, Personal Training Goals
- Physiological Assessments
Heart Rate, Blood Pressure
- Body Composition Testing
Body Fat Percentage, Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist-to-Hip Ratio
- Cardiorespiratory Assessments
YMCA 3 Minute Step Test, Rockport Walk Test
- Status and Dynamic Postural Assessments
Overhead Squat Assessment, Single Leg Squat Assessment, Pushing Assessment, Pulling Assessment
- Performance Assessments
Push-up Test, Davies Test, Shark Skill Test, Bench Press, Squat
The fitness assessment very important as it is the foundation of the entire exercise program. It enables the personal trainer to decide the appropriate selection of flexibility, cardiorespiratory, core, balance, power and strength training exercises, ensuring the program is individualized to a client’s specific goals and needs.